A timeline, please


It all started when...

52 BC – Roman town located on the left bank called Lutetia

0-400 - Largest necropolis outside the city walls located roughly in the area bordered by Boulevard Saint-Michel, Avenue Denfert-Rochereau and the Rue Saint-Jacques

400-1780s – Burials take place under Christian auspices in churches and church graveyards

1100-1780s - Saint-Innocents is the main city burial ground (present-day Les Halles area near Saint-Eustache)

1785-1788 – Government closes Saint-Innocents and transfers all remains to the underground quarries beneath the Plain of Montrouge, south of Paris – creation of the Catacombs

1790-1804 – Church burial grounds are closed and remains removed to the Catacombs; plans are drawn up to establish new cemeteries north, east, west and south of the city walls

1804 – Imperial decree prohibiting interment in churches or within the city proper; The Eastern Cemetery (Père-Lachaise) opens on 21 May

1810 - Jewish enclosure established in Père-Lachaise

1820 – Passy opens

1824 – The Southern Cemetery (Montparnasse) opens

1825 – The Northern Cemetery (Montmartre) opens

1856 - Mosque and Muslim burial enclosure created in Père-Lachaise

1860 – City of Paris annexes nearby villages and communities thus bringing all the present-day cemeteries within city boundaries and jurisdiction

1880s – Segregation within cemeteries by religion is prohibited (wall bordering Jewish sections are removed and mosque in Père-Lachaise is torn down)

1953 - Père-Lachaise becomes the city ossuary – remains from all the city’s abandoned and ruined graves