Antranik (or Andranik) was a leader of the Armenian liberation movement. During the Balkan Wars in 1912-1913, he fought for Bulgaria against Turkey. Then he returned to Armenia to organize the Armenian volunteer units to battle the Turkish regular army. After the fall of the Republic of Armenia, he immigrated to America, and died in Fresno, California, in 1927. His remains were taken to Paris in 1928, and finally brought to Armenia in 1999. Sculpture by Leon Mourdoff.