military

Postcard from Paris: Memorial to the Soldiers who died in the Siege of Paris

Right off of Avenue Circulaire in division 64 is the Memorial to the Soldiers Who Died During the Siege of Paris, 1870–1871. Designed by A. Rivière, this monument (c. 1873) consists of four life-size statues:

  • l’Artilleur/Artilleryman, by J. B. C. E. Power;
  • Soldat de la ligne/Soldier of the Line, by Louis Schrœder;
  • Le Garde mobile/Mobile Guard, by Camille Lefèvre;
  • Fusilier marin/Marine, also by Louis Schrœder. 

First image from c. 1900:

64_SoldiersMemorial.jpg

and from 2006:

64perelachaise_Soldiers001cropped.jpg

Ozanian Antranik (1865-1927) division 94 Pere-Lachaise

Antranik (or Andranik) was a leader of the Armenian liberation movement. During the Balkan Wars in 1912-1913, he fought for Bulgaria against Turkey. Then he returned to Armenia to organize the Armenian volunteer units to battle the Turkish regular army. After the fall of the Republic of Armenia, he immigrated to America, and died in Fresno, California, in 1927. His remains were taken to Paris in 1928, and finally brought to Armenia in 1999. Sculpture by Leon Mourdoff.






Memorial to the Czechs who died fighting for France division 82 Pere-Lachaise

Part of a unique collection of large sculptures located along Avenue des Etrangers Morts Pour la France, in divisions 84 and 88, and includes memorials to those Greeks, Armenians, Russian, Poles, Italians, and Belgians who died fighting for France (mort pour la France).

Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr (1764-1830) division 37 Pere-Lachaise

Laurent Saint-Cyr served as Marshal of France, Minister of War, Ambassador to Spain, and Minister of the Marine. Sculpture by David d'Angers (1788-1856) in division 39; designed by Louis Visconti (1791-1853) in division 4.

1764-1830, statue by David d'Angers (buried in division 39)

Memorial to the Victims of 20 June 1832 division 6 Pere-Lachaise

Erected by the city of Paris, this memorial pays homage to members of the municipal and national guard who perished during the uprising of 20 June 1832.

Their names are listed on the obelisk, largely illegible today, and bodies were interred in the open space in front of memorial:

Pierre Hippolyte Aubert, Francois Michel Bellier, Nicolas Beranger, Jean Cartier, Jacques Louis Leonard Chollet, Charles Joseph Cocquelet, Pierre Condamine, Claude Duc, Henri Fauchier, Joseph Folenfant, Bernard Forest, Pierre Gaultier, Jean Julien Geoffroy, Felix Gilles, Gravet, Pierre Joseph Guenifet, Charles Herera, Jean Francois Hervet, Francois Kolleter, Jean Baptiste Ladroix, Eugene Lavrilliere, Emile Lefort, Louis Victor Lemoine, Jean Lhubert, Jean Louis Lointier, Dominique Morge, Antoine Marquez, Etienne Mathieux, Louis Menard, Jean Moder, Pierre Auguste Mousseau, Francois Munerel, Jean Pargala, Francois Xavier Pernot, Jean Baptiste Honore Prevost, Louis Pussier, Jean Raud, Mathias Reybel, Francois Xavier Sattlair, Dominique Schmitt, Pierre Georges Senegon, Charles Louis Vanherseque, Claude Weber

For more information plus an illustration of the monument circa 1840 see Les Principeaux Monuments Funeraires du Pere-Lachaise, de Montmartre, du Mont-Parnasse et autres Cimetieres de Paris (1840) by Rousseau, Lassalle and Marty.

There seems to be a bit of confusion about this monument. As noted above, Marty et al make it clear it was erected for the victims of 1832, yet more recent sources, particularly in Valverde and Hughes "Le Cimetiere du Pere-Lachaise" and in Philippe Landru's exhaustive website, the monument supposedly honors those killed in the 1848 uprising. And Bertrand Beyern writes that the monument honors those killed in 1832, 1834, 1835 and 1848.

A very small but nonetheless perplexing puzzle. . .