review

Guides to Père-Lachaise: an update

On a recent trip to Paris I stopped by the book section in the BHV department store and Galignani’s on rue du Rivoli to see if there were anything new out on Paris Cemeteries. Here’s what I found (and it’s not much):

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Le Cimetière du Père-Lachaise by Jose de Valverdé and Hervé Hughes (Editions Ouest-France 2017), French. This is an updated version of their 2007 work by the same name. The overall format has not changed: this is basically a history of the cemetery using different eras as backdrops to identifying major figures during that period who are buried in the cemetery. One curious observation: while the page count is virtually identical yet the size of the book is significantly smaller.

Promenade napoléonienne au Père-Lachaise by Jean Tardy and Charles Dolbakian (Vendemaire 2017), French. This is a series of tours through Père-Lachaise focusing on a number of figures connected in one way or another with Napoleon. From Mademoiselle Lenormand to Marshal Ney to Jacques-Louis David and many others this book makes you realize just how much Napoleonic history is buried on that hill. In addition to handy maps with the itineraries neatly laid out each chapter focuses on a specific individual who played a role in the Napoleonic history of France. Although small in size it’s more than 340 pages long with a fine bibliography.

Guide secret des Cimetières Parisiens by Jean-Pierre Hervet (Editions Ouest-France 2017), French. At a little more than 140 pages this slip of a book has little to offer to the serious Paris cemetery researcher — but on closer examination one can find a few interesting curiosities, particularly in the sidebars.

Secrets des Cimetières de Paris by Jacques Barozzi, photos by Bernard Ladoux, (Massin 2012). Arranged by cemetery, division and name with its bilingual text (French and English). Although a bit dated this is still a wonderful overall guide to the major grave sites in the city cemeteries.

Review of "Restless Peace"

Stephen Sharnof's "Restless Peace" is a stunning collection of photos taken in several Paris Cemeteries, images intermixed with touching epitaphs and hints of life stories long passed away into dust. The eery fact that the book's mood grew directly from his own sense of sorrow and anguish at the loss of his wife make it even more touching.

But there are several nagging problems.

One is the book's layout. Sharnoff tells us that the book is designed according to certain themes. Fine. But his themes, as noted in the Table of Contents, don't flow well -- at least form my point of view. The chapter called "Loss and Mourning" makes little sense to me -- we are after all in a cemetery where loss and mourning is everywhere. And what does "First Views" mean exactly? or " Paris Responds," both seem somewhat confusing as their respective intent.

On the other hand, other chapters make very clear sense since they fit tomb styles: "Fragments" (one of his most touching sections) and"Stained Glass," although at the end of the latter his places a reference and quote from Philippe Aries near the end for no apparent reason. I also get "Beauty and Humor." But why not add a brief paragraph or two introducing and explaining each "theme" or section? anything that gives the reader an idea of what the author is driving at in providing us a glimpse of such powerful imagery.

The author does warn us that this is not a guidebook and I'm certainly fine with that. But I'm a bit perplexed by his overall structure nonetheless. Let me explain.

While his early section on epitaphs are incredibly moving, they bear little relation (as far as we're told) to any specific grave or cemetery. also he has a brief somewhat disjointed introduction to Pere-Lachaise but doesn't mention any other cemetery in detail.

This raises my second issue. Some graves are mentioned by name, while most are not. We have no idea which cemetery they're located in or any other details for that matter. In fact, the title notwithstanding, most of these images could have come from any one of a dozen major European cemeteries.

Yet, on the one hand, he's eager to share the graphic poignancy underlying a certain grave but then doesn't follow through on the rest of the story.

His approach is an unsettling hybrid of stream-of-consciousness with the occasional glimpse of order and structure. It's neither one thing nor the other.

Third, and related to the second issue, there are several simple mistakes that could only have been resolved with a more detailed understanding of the graves he photographed.

1. The photo his lists as "Baudelaire's grave" on pp. 187-88 is in fact a cenotaph to Baudelaire who is buried with his mother and step-father in division 6 Montparnasse grande (the cemetery itself isn't even mentioned).

2. The photo listed as Charles Lafont is not Lafont at all but Ferdinand Arbelot buried in division 11 Pere-Lachaise; Lafont is nearby in division 12. He did get the epitaph for Arbelot correct, however.

3. The "erotic statue" listed on p. 50 is indeed "powerful" and "disturbing," and while he tells us it's in Passy Cemetery, he doesn't tell us to whom it belongs. Sadly, that statue was destroyed in 2004 and the grave itself taken over by a different family altogether.

4. For some odd reason the text color changes occasionally and for no apparent reason; sometimes black, sometimes brown.

5. The quality of the paper used is not photo quality undermining the value of this work as a "photo book."

Lastly, I wonder how many and which cemeteries Stephen did visit. From what I can see he paid close attention to Père-Lachaise, Montparnasse grande, and Passy, but did he visit Montmartre, St. Vincent, Picpus, or the Pantheon, Invalides? We don't know.

This is a pleasant book to pick up and open to just about any page and simply appreciate the photography at face value -- but it is little more than that. The author hints at things he might have wanted to do -- and his extensive research on the epitaphs are just one example of where this could've gone -- but there is little meat here to hold the attention or inspire one to track down such beautiful sculpture.

More than 1.5 million people visit Père-Lachaise each year. According to a recent survey on Trip Advisor the cemetery ranks no. 24 out of 557 attractions in Paris. Stephen does warn us his work is not a guidebook but is it not inspirational? If you were planning a trip to Paris would you not want to track down and see for yourself if not photograph some of that fantastic artwork?

At the very least he should have provided a modicum of information on each photo -- if nothing else he could have at least told us where each photo was taken and, preferably, whose grave it was as well. iIf he didn't want to interrupt his flow of visual thought, he could have done that in a list of photo credits at the end of the book.

There are so few books on Paris cemeteries available in English that I would have loved to give Stephen's book a glowing review. Sadly, I cannot.